Albania (i/ælˈbeɪniə/, al-BAY-nee-ə, or sometimes /ɔːlˈbeɪniə/, awl-BAY-nee-ə; Albanian:Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian:Shqipni/Shqipnia, Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian:Republika e Shqipërisë; Albanian pronunciation:[ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72km (45mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which connects the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.
The toponymAlbania may indicate several different geographical regions: a country in the Balkans; an ancient land in the Caucasus; as well as Scotland, Albania being a Latinization of a Gaelic name for Scotland, Alba. This article will cover etymology, as well as trace the usage of the toponyms and related toponyms and ethnonyms from their earliest known occurrence down to present times.
Albania as the name of Caucasian Albania, a state and historical region of eastern Caucasus, that existed on the territory of present-day republic of Azerbaijan (where both of its capitals were located) and partially southern Dagestan.
However, unlike the names of the other two European countries, this name was an exonym given to them by the Romans, as no one knew what these inhabitants called themselves. Compare also the land in Caucasus called Iberia, with the Iberian peninsula in Europe.
Albania as the name of a region in the Balkans attested in Medieval Latin. It may derive from an ethnonym, Albanoi, the name of an Illyrian tribe.
Some linguists propose a derivation from the Proto-Indo-European root *albho-, which meant 'white'; referring perhaps to the snow-capped mountains of Albania.
Others think the source may be a non-Indo-European root *alb-, meaning "hill, mountain", also present in alp "mountain pasture".
FLORENCE — Nimi Rama started working at McDonald's at age 14. His career at McDonald's has taken him throughout the East Coast and made him a director of operations based in South Carolina's Pee Dee region ... Rama credited his drive to his parents who immigrated from Albania to the United States in 1976 and they instilled in him hard work ... .
The move comes after Albania severed diplomatic relations with Iran on Wednesday for the same incident, ordering Iranian diplomats and embassy staff to leave within 24 hours...Police stand guard during an anti-government protest in front of the Parliament in Tirana, Albania May 25, 2019 (credit.
NEW YORK (AP) — United Parcel Service said Wednesday it plans to hire more than 100,000 extra workers to help handle an increase in packages during the critical holiday season. That's similar to the holiday seasons of 2021 and 2020 ... ______ ... Caption ... 21, 2021 ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... 1. Albania cuts diplomatic ties with Iran over July cyberattack. 2 ... 3.
With winter approaching, the 27 EU members are struggling to contain an energy crisis that could lead to rolling blackouts, shuttered factories and a deep recession ... Caption ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... 1 ... 2. Albania cuts diplomatic ties with Iran over July cyberattack.
BATH, Maine (AP) — The U.S.Navy’s workhorse destroyer went into production more than 30 years ago, when Tom Stevens was a young welder ... All of that warfighting gear won't come cheap ... Production of the new ship is still years away ... ___ ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Albania cuts diplomatic ties with Iran over July cyberattack.